===[:: Scanning with Nmap ::]===

===[:: Scanning with Nmap ::]===

Nmap adalah Tool untuk eksplorasi jaringan, secara ekslusif menjadi salah satu tool andalan yang sering
digunakan oleh Administrator Jaringan, Pen-Test (IT Developer yg dibayar untuk mencari Hole pada System Jaringan)
serta Attacker (hayooo…. yg masuk kategori ini siapa ? :d).
Tool ini digunakan sebagaimana namanya yaitu Penjelajah System Jaringan (Network Mapper, Network Exploration Tool).
Dengan Nmap kamu bisa melakukan Probing (probe) keseluruh jaringan dan mencari tahu service apa yang aktif pada port
yang lebih spesifik. Buka saja hanya itu tapi juga mencampur fingerprinting (Banner Grap) yang bisa membandingkan dan
memberikan estimasi akan apa jenis Sistem Operasi (OS) target. Nmap juga mempunyai banyak kelebihan atau Flags
yang akan memanipulasi bagaimana cara dia (Nmap) melakukan Scanning, kamu hanya perlu melakukan tcp()connect
scanning yang akan membuat full connection ke host atau syn scanning juga biasa dikenal (a.k.a) Half Connection
(ini susah negh jelasin half connection), testing Firewall atau mencari tahu apakan ada Firewall atau Packet Filter,
Idle Scan (pembahasan mengenai Idle Scan, tunggu di Ezine selanjutnya yahh… :d)
yang akan melakukan Spoofing (menyembunyikan IP kamu) ke Host yang lain atau memakai Decoy (host umpan) yang akan
membuat JeJaK (trace) kamu semakin susah dilacak. Nmap kompetibel dengan Linux/BSD Family (*nix) dan W*ndows,
walaupun aku akan menjelaskan penggunaan Nmap melalui Linux, tapi versi yang di W*ndows sama dengan yang di Linux.


Tambahan : aku memakai Linux Distro Debian dan Nmap v3.50 (http://www.insecure.org)

/* Pilihan dan Flags */

Nmap 3.50 Usage: nmap [Scan Type(s)] [Options]
Some Common Scan Types (‘*’ options require root privileges)
* -sS TCP SYN stealth port scan (default if privileged (root))
-sT TCP connect() port scan (default for unprivileged users)
* -sU UDP port scan
-sP ping scan (Find any reachable machines)
* -sF,-sX,-sN Stealth FIN, Xmas, or Null scan (experts only)
-sV Version scan probes open ports determining service & app names/versions
-sR/-I RPC/Identd scan (use with other scan types)
Some Common Options (none are required, most can be combined):
* -O Use TCP/IP fingerprinting to guess remote operating system
-p ports to scan. Example range: ‘1-1024,1080,6666,31337’
-F Only scans ports listed in nmap-services
-v Verbose. Its use is recommended. Use twice for greater effect.
-P0 Don’t ping hosts (needed to scan www.microsoft.com and others)
* -Ddecoy_host1,decoy2[,…] Hide scan using many decoys
-6 scans via IPv6 rather than IPv4
-T General timing policy
-n/-R Never do DNS resolution/Always resolve [default: sometimes resolve]
-oN/-oX/-oG Output normal/XML/grepable scan logs to
-iL Get targets from file; Use ‘-‘ for stdin
* -S /-e Specify source address or network interface
–interactive Go into interactive mode (then press h for help)
Example: nmap -v -sS -O www.host-target.com 192.168.0.0/16 ‘192.88-90.*.*’************************************************************
* Syn/Stealth Scanning. -sS TCP SYN stealth port scan
************************************************************barracuda:/home/vQ# nmap -sS 203.130.254.xx

Starting nmap 3.50 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2004-06-24 15:37 WIT
Interesting ports on xx.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.xx):
(The 1636 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: closed)
PORT STATE SERVICE
21/tcp open ftp
22/tcp open ssh
25/tcp open smtp
53/tcp open domain
80/tcp open http
110/tcp open pop3
111/tcp open rpcbind
135/tcp filtered msrpc
137/tcp filtered netbios-ns
138/tcp filtered netbios-dgm
139/tcp filtered netbios-ssn
143/tcp open imap
199/tcp open smux
443/tcp open https
445/tcp filtered microsoft-ds
465/tcp open smtps
587/tcp open submission
593/tcp filtered http-rpc-epmap
993/tcp open imaps
995/tcp open pop3s
3128/tcp open squid-http
3306/tcp open mysql
6000/tcp open X11

Nmap run completed — 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 115.478 seconds

** Perhatikan port 135,137,138,139,445 dan 539 di filter, Biasanya port yang di Filter menjalankan firewall. **

************************************************************
* TCP()Connect Scanning. -sT TCP connect() port scan
************************************************************

barracuda:/home/vQ# nmap -sT 203.130.254.xx

Starting nmap 3.50 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2004-06-24 15:50 WIT
Interesting ports on xx.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.xx):
(The 1636 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: closed)
PORT STATE SERVICE
21/tcp open ftp
22/tcp open ssh
25/tcp open smtp
53/tcp open domain
80/tcp open http
110/tcp open pop3
111/tcp open rpcbind
135/tcp filtered msrpc
137/tcp filtered netbios-ns
138/tcp filtered netbios-dgm
139/tcp filtered netbios-ssn
143/tcp open imap
199/tcp open smux
443/tcp open https
445/tcp filtered microsoft-ds
465/tcp open smtps
587/tcp open submission
593/tcp filtered http-rpc-epmap
993/tcp open imaps
995/tcp open pop3s
3128/tcp open squid-http
3306/tcp open mysql
6000/tcp open X11

Nmap run completed — 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 41.839 seconds

Hal lain yang dapat kamu lakukan dengan -sT scanning adalah DoS (Denial of Service) sebuah Host.
seperti contoh dibawah ini….. (don’t blame me for this…..!!)

barracuda:/home/vQ# nmap -T 5 -M 1000 -sT 203.130.254.xx
Warning: Your max_parallelism (-M) option is absurdly high! Don’t complain to Fyodor if all hell breaks loose!
berhubung target tujuan sudah memakai Stack-Guard (maka tidak terjadi kerusakan), tapi
apabila anda melakukan ini ke Host yang running W*ndows XP kemungkinan 95% akan mengalami Crash.
bila kamu perhatikan bahwa aku memberi nmap -T 5 -M 1000,

“Flag” -M adalah “Flag” untuk menggunakan jumlah maksimal “socket” yang digunakan oleh Nmap dan 60 “Socket”
sudah bisa dikategorikan banyak (dan diatas aku memakai 1000 !! tapi sangat efektif euY….)

“Flag” -T adalah “Flag” untuk mengatur kecepatan scanning oleh Nmap. 0 yang terpelan dan 5 yang tercepat.
0 = Paranoid Mencoba menghindari deteksi IDS,tak ada scanning pararel, menunggu 5 menit sebelum mengirim tiap paket, so…. it really f*cking slow !
1 = Sneaky Juga mencoba untuk menghindari deteksi IDS, tak ada scanning pararel, menunggu 15 detik sebelum mengirim tiap paket…
2 = Polite Tetap sangat lambat, akan terdeteksi oleh semua jenis IDS. menunggu sekitar 0.4 detik tiap paketnya. kira-kira 1 detik/paket.
3 = Normal kecepatan scanning standard nmap, yaitu scanning secepat mungkin tanpa resiko DoS.
4 = Aggressive sangat bagus untuk Network yang cepat (High Speed Broadband),mampu menembus firewall dan jaringan yang ter-filter.
5 = Insane a.k.a GeNdHeNg (gila), kamu akan kehilangan beberapa informasi direkomendasikan untuk Sweeping Network.

************************************************************
* UDP scan -sU UDP port scan
************************************************************

barracuda:/home/vQ# nmap -sU 203.130.254.xx

Starting nmap 3.50 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2004-06-24 16:17 WIT
Interesting ports on xx.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.xx):
(The 1463 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: closed)
PORT STATE SERVICE
53/udp open domain
69/udp filtered tftp
111/udp open rpcbind
135/udp filtered msrpc
137/udp filtered netbios-ns
138/udp open netbios-dgm
139/udp filtered netbios-ssn
161/udp open snmp
162/udp open snmptrap
445/udp filtered microsoft-ds
1434/udp filtered ms-sql-m
3130/udp open squid-ipc
3401/udp open squid-snmp
32768/udp open omad
32770/udp open sometimes-rpc4

Nmap run completed — 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 2112.724 seconds

tapi biasanya ada juga yang memakai firewall sehingga probing lewat UDP gak akan sukses,kalo udah begini
ada cara lain lagi…..

Pinging -sP ping scan (Sweeping Host aktif)
barracuda:/home/vQ# nmap –packet_trace -sP 203.130.254.xx
Starting nmap 3.50 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2004-06-24 17:11 WIT
SENT (0.0190s) ICMP 202.148.13.xx > 203.130.254.xx Echo request (type=8/code=0) ttl=42 id=17732 iplen=28
SENT (0.0190s) TCP 202.148.13.xx:59530 > 203.130.254.xx:80 A ttl=51 id=7528iplen=40 seq=750241886 win=4096 ack=750241886
RCVD (1.3770s) ICMP 203.130.254.xx > 202.148.13.xx Echo reply (type=0/code=0) ttl=55 id=26445 iplen=28
Host xx.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.xx) appears to be up.
Nmap run completed — 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 12.340 seconds

Namun beberapa Host melakukan blok terhadap ping karena dianggap cukup efektif untuk menyembunyikan (Cloaking) Server mereka.
teknik dasar untuk melihat Host yang aktif.

barracuda:/home/vQ# nmap -sP 203.130.254.*

Starting nmap 3.50 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2004-06-24 17:20 WIT
Host 1.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.1) appears to be up.
Host 5.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.5) appears to be up.
Host 16.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.16) appears to be up.
Host 17.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.17) appears to be up.
Host 29.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.29) appears to be up.
Host 31.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.31) appears to be up.
Host 32.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.32) seems to be a subnet broadcast address (returned 1 extra pings). Note — the actual IP also responded.
Host 36.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.36) appears to be up.
Host 37.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.37) appears to be up.
Host 47.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.47) seems to be a subnet broadcast address (returned 1 extra pings). Note — the actual IP also responded.
Host 48.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.48) appears to be up.
Host 49.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.49) appears to be up.
Host 63.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.63) appears to be up.
Host 65.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.65) appears to be up.
Host 68.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.68) appears to be up.
Host 69.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.69) appears to be up.
Host 81.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.81) appears to be up.
Host 96.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.96) appears to be up.
Host 97.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.97) appears to be up.
Host 111.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.111) appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.128 appears to be up.
Host 129.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.129) appears to be up.
Host 130.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.130) appears to be up.
Host 131.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.131) appears to be up.
Host 142.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.142) appears to be up.
Host 143.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.143) appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.160 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.161 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.162 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.163 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.164 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.165 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.166 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.167 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.168 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.169 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.170 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.171 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.172 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.173 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.174 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.175 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.176 appears to be up.
Host 179.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.179) appears to be up.
Host 180.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.180) appears to be up.
Host 183.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.183) appears to be up.
Host 191.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.191) appears to be up.
Host telkomgw.stikom.edu (203.130.254.193) appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.194 appears to be up.
Host ambrosia.stikom.edu (203.130.254.195) appears to be up.
Host omega.stikom.edu (203.130.254.196) appears to be up.
Host download.stikom.edu (203.130.254.197) appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.199 appears to be up.
Host 203.130.254.200 appears to be up.
Host 215.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.215) appears to be up.
Nmap run completed — 256 IP addresses (55 hosts up) scanned in 335.697 seconds

************************************************************
* Ftp Bounce Attack -b
************************************************************[Menarik tapi tak berguna]barracuda:/home/vQ# nmap -b 203.130.254.xx 203.130.254.xx
Hint: if your bounce scan target hosts aren’t reachable from here, remember to use -P0 so
we don’t try and ping them prior to the scan
Starting nmap 3.50 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2004-06-24 17:44 WIT
Your ftp bounce proxy server won’t talk to us!

ini yang bakalan kamu terima setiap FTP server yang kamu scanning !!

/* Penutup */

Sebenarnya masih banyak tehnik lain lagi yang bisa dilakukan tergantung kreatifitas anda,
sebagai tambahan aku sertakan salah satu Combo Scanning yang biasa aku lakukan….

barracuda:/home/vicky# nmap -v -sS -sV -O -v 203.130.254.xx

Starting nmap 3.50 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2004-06-24 17:52 WIT
Host xx.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.xx) appears to be up … good.
Initiating SYN Stealth Scan against xx.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.xx) at 17:52
Adding open port 110/tcp
Adding open port 6000/tcp
Adding open port 995/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 12210894 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 13126862 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 13696829 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 80/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 25753793 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 3306/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 25845379 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 26664043 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 13675951 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 13597619 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 27226534 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 53/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 51264396 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 27144765 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 51336689 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 52158192 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 13717478 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 52711309 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 27273293 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 52631826 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 993/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 13668042 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 100643854 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 52756355 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 22/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 99334735 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 27012389 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 101595861 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 13831231 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 443/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 100721309 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 25/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 102030144 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 587/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 27349002 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 10864537 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 51118187 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 199/tcp
Adding open port 3128/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 11560500 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 10717091 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 465/tcp
Adding open port 143/tcp
Adding open port 21/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 24399319 microseconds. Ignoring time.
Adding open port 111/tcp
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 11045019 microseconds. Ignoring time.
adjust_timeout: packet supposedly had rtt of 10938220 microseconds. Ignoring time.
The SYN Stealth Scan took 174 seconds to scan 1659 ports.
Initiating service scan against 17 services on 1 host at 17:55
The service scan took 38 seconds to scan 17 services on 1 host.

Initiating RPCGrind Scan against xx.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.xx) at 17:56
The RPCGrind Scan took 3 seconds to scan 1 ports.
For OSScan assuming that port 21 is open and port 1 is closed and neither are firewalled
For OSScan assuming that port 21 is open and port 1 is closed and neither are firewalled
Insufficient responses for TCP sequencing (0), OS detection may be less accurate
Interesting ports on xx.subnet254.astinet.telkom.net.id (203.130.254.xx):
(The 1636 ports scanned but not shown below are in state: closed)
PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION
21/tcp open ftp vsFTPd 1.1.0
22/tcp open ssh OpenSSH 3.4p1 (protocol 1.99)
25/tcp open smtp
53/tcp open domain ISC Bind 9.2.1
80/tcp open http Apache httpd 2.0.40 ((Red Hat Linux))
110/tcp open pop3 Courier pop3d
111/tcp open rpcbind 2 (rpc #100000)
135/tcp filtered msrpc
137/tcp filtered netbios-ns
138/tcp filtered netbios-dgm
139/tcp filtered netbios-ssn
143/tcp open imap Courier IMAP4rev1 1.7.X

199/tcp open smux Linux SNMP multiplexer
443/tcp open http Apache httpd 2.0.40 ((Red Hat Linux))
445/tcp filtered microsoft-ds
465/tcp open ssl OpenSSL
587/tcp open smtp Courier smtpd
593/tcp filtered http-rpc-epmap
993/tcp open ssl OpenSSL
995/tcp open ssl OpenSSL
3128/tcp open http-proxy Squid webproxy 2.4.STABLE7
3306/tcp open mysql?
6000/tcp open X11 (access denied)
1 service unrecognized despite returning data. If you know the service/version,
please submit the following fingerprint at http://www.insecure.org/cgi-bin/servicefp-submit.cgi:
SF-Port25-TCP:V=3.50%D=6/24%Time=40DAB33B%P=i686-pc-linux-gnu%r(Help,1C,”2
SF:20\x20mail\.jombang\.org\x20ESMTP\r\n”);
Device type: general purpose
Running: Linux 2.4.X
OS details: Linux 2.4.6 – 2.4.21, Linux Kernel 2.4.19 – 2.4.20, Linux 2.4.21 (X86)
OS Fingerprint:
T1(Resp=N)
T2(Resp=N)
T3(Resp=N)
T4(Resp=Y%DF=Y%W=0%ACK=O%Flags=R%Ops=)
T5(Resp=Y%DF=Y%W=0%ACK=S++%Flags=AR%Ops=)
T6(Resp=Y%DF=Y%W=0%ACK=O%Flags=R%Ops=)
T7(Resp=Y%DF=Y%W=0%ACK=S++%Flags=AR%Ops=)
PU(Resp=Y%DF=N%TOS=C0%IPLEN=164%RIPTL=148%RID=E%RIPCK=E%UCK=E%ULEN=134%DAT=E)

Nmap run completed — 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 256.323 seconds

bila kamu perhatikan diatas aku make “Flag” -v sampai 2x, sesuai anjuran Fyodor (yg punya Nmap),
sebaiknya “Flag” -v (verbose) dipakai 2x untuk meningkatkan akurasi nya….. trus “Flag” -sV untuk menebak service
yang berjalan di port yang terbuka dan “Flag” -O untuk menebak Sistem Operasi (OS) a.k.a OS Fingerprinting.

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